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The Remarkable Influence of Fuzzy Logic in AI

Introduction

“Intelligence” in AI tools is manifested by their ability to make smart decisions, and Fuzzy logic in AI is the attribute that makes it possible. Before the introduction of Fuzzy reasoning in AI, AI tools relied on Boolean logic and could only respond with "True" or "False" types of results,  but with fuzzy logic, AI tools can make decisions even in uncertain input conditions,  with a relative response like “somewhat true” or “very true

Sounds Interesting? 

If yes, let's dive deep into the fascinating role of fuzzy logic in advancing AI and understanding the core concept of fuzzy logic working, architecture, characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of fuzzy logic with some real-world fuzzy logic in artificial intelligence examples. We will also thrive on exploring the career path related to fuzzy logic in AI and learn about the AI certification programs that could fetch you a role as an AI engineer implementing fuzzy logic in AI tools.

Let’s begin by understanding what fuzzy logic is in AI.

What is Fuzzy Logic in AI?

In layperson’s terms, Fuzzy logic is the most simplified manner to teach AI tools to make decisions with uncertain input conditions. It’s simple because it doesn’t involve too much mathematics being a mathematical framework. The system works on sets of rules and sets of theory operations. The idea behind the fuzzy logic in AI architecture is to make AI tools capable of deriving a conclusive output and taking further actions; even when the input data is not crisp, it's fuzzy. This capability makes the AI tools smart as they can interpret context-dependent linguist variables,  like “hot,” “cold,” and “and warm,” and give human-like responses. 

Besides mimicking human-like responses, the ability to implement fuzzy logic in AI tools makes the tool perform various other tasks that otherwise would not have been possible with binary interpretations (True or False, 1 or 0).

Fuzzy logic was first introduced in 1965 when Lofti Zadeh realized the need for computers to give flexible responses like human beings instead of being rigid with ‘Yes” or “No.” Zadeh thought this would minimize the intelligence gap between human beings and computers, and computers could become more human-friendly.

Example of Fuzzy Logic in AI

An adaptive traffic light can interpret real-time traffic conditions and optimize the traffic flow according to the inputs and set of rules it has been pre-defined with. These rules are called Fuzzy logic rules. 

Example: Smart Thermostat Temperature Control

Input Variables:

Temperature: Measures the current room temperature (e.g., 68°F).
Comfort: Represents the user's comfort level (e.g., "too cold," "comfortable," "too hot").

Output Variable:

Heater Control: Determines how much the heater should be on (e.g., "low," "medium," "high").

Fuzzy Sets and Membership Functions:
For "Temperature":
"Cold," "Moderate," "Warm" with associated membership functions.

For "Comfort":
"Too Cold," "Comfortable," "Too Hot" with associated membership functions.
For "Heater Control":
"Low," "Medium," "High" with associated membership functions.

Fuzzy Rules:

IF Temperature is "Cold" AND Comfort is "Too Cold," THEN Heater Control is "High."
IF Temperature is "Cold" AND Comfort is "Comfortable," THEN Heater Control is "Medium."
IF Temperature is "Warm" AND Comfort is "Too Hot," THEN Heater Control is "Low."

Fuzzy Inference:

Given the actual temperature and the comfort level, the fuzzy logic system calculates the appropriate heater control using the defined rules.

Let us move towards understanding how Fuzzy logic works in AI.

How Does Fuzzy Logic Work?

The central to the working of fuzzy logic in AI is the  “fuzzy sets” and pre-defined “fuzzy rules” assigned to the fuzzy logic system by the experts to derive a conclusive result.  

Fuzzy logic, as a mathematical framework,  consists of sets of elements called “fuzzy sets". The fuzzy set elements, called “members”, are assigned with values (member functions). The values or member function represents the extent to which the  member is present in the fuzzy set.

For example, for a given fuzzy set with values ranging between 0 to 1, a member function value of 0.1 would  indicate  that the member represents the set to a minimum extent, whereas a membership value of 0.9 would indicate that the member represents the set to the highest extent. It implies that a member would represent the set to the extent equivalent to the membership function value.equivalent to the value. And it is also prevalent that fuzzy logic can help AI tools deal with fuzziness or uncertain data.

The “Fuzzy set” is a component of the Fuzzy inference system (FIS). The other components being operations (AND, OR, NOT), and fuzzy rules. The combined output of the FIS’s component is the result i.e the decision that the AI tool takes with the given inputs.

Now what are “Operations” and “Fuzzy rules” ?. Let’s understand this.

Defining decision-making includes operations like Union, Interaction, and complement of fuzzy sets. These operations help manipulate the sets and give outputs abiding by the pre-defined fuzzy rules.

While the Fuzzy rules contain “IF-THEN” commands to direct decision-making, the different operations involve data filtration, as we studied in schools at the secondary level. 

Example:

If A and B are two fuzzy sets, then as per set theory

n(A ∪ B) = n(A) + n(B) – n(A ∩ B)

The value obtained from the union operation is compiled with fuzzy rules to give a conclusive crisp output.

Characteristics of Fuzzy Logic

 Characteristics of fuzzy logic are as follows:

  1. Fuzzy logic is easy to understand and implement.
  2. Fuzzy logic is capable of producing human-like responses.
  3. Fuzzy logic is capable of giving decisive outputs at intermediate values.
  4. Fuzzy logic can understand human given rules and can implement them in making decisions.
  5. Fuzzy logic can simplify a set of variable inputs and can produce it as one value. It can also disassociate one value into a set of variables.
  6. Fuzzy logic follows natural language processing methodology to give results.
  7. A fuzzy logic system can be refined to meet the changing conditions and incorporate a smooth transition from one condition to another. This characteristic makes fuzzy logic highly adaptable.

Fuzzy Logic Systems Architecture

The fuzzy logic architecture consists of four components. They are

Rule Base

Base rules are rules, regulations, and “If-Then” conditions developed by domain experts. These rules are fed into the fuzzy logic Inference system, also known as the “Inference Engine,” to make decisions. It is noteworthy to mention here that the Fuzzy Inference System consists of fuzzy sets with input variables, and decisions are taken based on the operations carried by the Union, Intersection, or complement of fuzzy sets. Once the inference engine or “Intelligence” receives input from Fuzzifier, it processes the data and sends it to the fuzzified for presenting the output as a crip value.

Intelligence

It is the central component of fuzzy logic architecture. Like computers have a CPU as their brain, fuzzy logic systems in AI have Intelligence. The Intelligence uses the fuzzified variables from the Fuzzifier and generates outputs with fuzzy reasoning in AI architecture. Fuzzy reasoning in artificial intelligence is a method of deriving output by combining the base rules and the values obtained from the inference engine operations.

Fuzzifier

The Fuzzifier is the input-receiver component of fuzzy logic in AI architecture. Raw data in crisp form enters the Fuzzifier, which then breaks the input into sets of elements with identical characteristics. The Fuzzifier has five subdivisions it segregates data into these are:

  1. Large positive (LP)
  2. Medium positive(MP)
  3. Small(S)
  4. Medium negative (MN)
  5. Large negative (LN)

The classified sets of elements are then fed into the intelligence component, where decisions are made based on rules given by experts and operational outputs of data matching.

Defuzzifier

 Processed data from Intelligence are fed into the defuzzifier, and the defuzzifier converts the variable data into a crisp value.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fuzzy logic in AI

Advantages of Fuzzy Logic in AI

  1. Fuzzy logic is easy to implement and does not require complicated mathematical calculations to make an AI  tool take decisions.
  2. Fuzzy logic can interpret all types of data.
  3. Fuzzy logic is easy to construct or understand as it needs basic knowledge of set theories. The operations in fuzzy logic are basically interpretation of data based on set theories matchings through Union, Intersection and complement operations.
  4. Fuzzy logic can adapt to changing conditions easily. Thus it can be implemented in varying conditions of input data.
  5. Fuzzy logic provides an efficient solution to complex problems, even if the input data is highly uncertain, fuzzy logic provides a minimal decision that can be accepted for taking further action.

Disadvantages of Fuzzy Logic in AI

  1. The accuracy of data cannot be assured with fuzzy logic.
  2. Fuzzy Inference system works with human instructed rules rather than a mathematical approach to solving decision making issues.It signifies lack of systematic approach to solving problems with fuzzy logic.

Application of Fuzzy Logic in AI

Right from its application in daily life to use in industries, Fuzzy logic can be seen in tools and equipment that help decision-making or do a job based on decision-making in a fuzzy input scenario. Some real-life applications of fuzzy logic in AI are listed below.

Heating and cooling in the Air Condition System

 You may have noticed an AC adjusting airflow and cooling effect based on the changing room temperature. This is done with fuzzy logic in AI. The changing room temperature is the variable input that motivates the fuzzy logic to make decisions on switching on and off the airflow while following the rules that experts have assigned.

Airbag in cars

Fuzzy logic in AI decides on activating the airbag in a car opening based on the rules assigned and its evaluation of the input variables in the fuzzy set. The input variables here can be the car's speed, brake force, speed change, impact force, etc.

.Transportation

The fuzzy logic system finds application in controlling autopilot vehicles. The input variables change in speed, angle of driving, acceleration, etc.

Automation and Control

Fuzzy logic finds excellent application in automation and control; one example is its application in railways. Fuzzy logic is used to automate scheduling the train timings based on delay and train cancellation inputs.

Robotics

The movement and activities of robots are the results of fuzzy logic modeling. Fuzzy logic makes robot movement decisions based on input variables like sensor-based navigation, path planning, obstacle-facing, etc. The linguistic variable interpreting capabilities of fuzzy logic helps the robot to mimic human sounds and generate matching responses.

Hope we were able to help you help you with a sound understanding of fuzzy logic in AI and if you are interested in learning the concept check out our certification courses.

Conclusion

Fuzzy logic in AI is gaining popularity for its ability to help AI tools make continuous decisions and process data to provide helpful outputs. It also helps tools mimic human-like responses by interpreting linguistic variables. As such, it has been present in all fields, including healthcare, science, engineering, agriculture, and others. 

With its growing demand across various sectors, the career prospects also look promising. Skills in fuzzy logic implementation would help fetch a job role in the fields of research and development, data analysis, system design, and other careers in AI. 

An aspiring prospect should prioritize getting an AI certificate program from a premier institute that imparts real-time experience besides theoretical studies. If you are one such aspirant, we recommend checking the courses that equip you with the skills of a fuzzy logic developer.

Happy Learning!

FAQs

Q1. Why is fuzzy logic important in AI?

Ans:- Fuzzy logic is important in AI as it helps AI tools with decision-making in uncertain conditions. It helps AI tools to deal with linguistic variables and generate human-like responses making the tool a smart one.

Q2. What are the Job prospects with fuzzy logic in AI?

Ans:-  A fuzzy logic specialized person can fetch a job role in research and development, data analysis, machine learning and 0ther related fields as an AI Engineer.

Q3. Where is fuzzy logic applied in AI?

Ans:-  Fuzzy logic can be applied to all tools that need to perform some task based on uncertain or dynamic inputs. It finds a wide application in various industries as all industries today use smart tools to automate decision-making tasks.

Q4. How does fuzzy logic differ from Boolean logic?

Ans:-  The boolean logic can interpret crisp values based on static data inputs. It generates a binary response as True or False (0,1 ). AI tools that incorporate Boolean logic can take tasks performing decisions only with confirmed or static inputs. This may really limit the ability of an AI tool in terms of flexibility. On the other hand, Fuzzy logic is exactly the opposite of this, it can interpret dynamic inputs and can perform task-related decisions, making themselves flexible to adapt to changing conditions.

Q5. What are some common fuzzy logic in artificial intelligence examples? 

Ans:-  Some common daily life tools that come with fuzzy logic systems include: Smart Washing Machines, Smart fans, a temperature-controlling thermostats, Vacuum cleaners and others.

Q6. What is fuzzy set in artificial Intelligence?

Ans:-  Fuzzy sets are sets of elements with member functions ranging between 0 to 1. The Inference engine identifies the membership extent of the elements in a fuzzy set by carrying operations. These operations can be a Union operation(AND), an Intersection operation (OR), or a compliment one (NOT operation).


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    JanBask Training

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